Buffett Valuation Indicator [TradeDots]The Buffett Valuation Indicator (also known as the Buffett Index or Buffett Ratio) measures the ratio of the total United States stock market to GDP.
This indicator helps determine whether the valuation changes in US stocks are justified by the GDP level.
For example, the ratio is calculated based on the standard deviations from the historical trend line. If the value exceeds +2 standard deviations, it suggests that the stock market is overvalued relative to GDP, and vice versa.
This "Buffett Valuation Indicator" is an enhanced version of the original indicator. It applies a Bollinger Band over the Valuation/GDP ratio to identify overvaluation and undervaluation across different timeframes, making it efficient for use in smaller timeframes, e.g. daily or even hourly intervals.
HOW DOES IT WORK
The Buffett Valuation Indicator measures the ratio between US stock valuation and US GDP, evaluating whether stock valuations are overvalued or undervalued in GDP terms.
In this version, the total valuation of the US stock market is represented by considering the top 10 market capitalization stocks.
Users can customize this list to include other stocks for a more balanced valuation ratio. Alternatively, users may use S&P 500 ETFs, such as SPY or VOO, as inputs.
The ratio is plotted as a line chart in a separate panel below the main chart. A Bollinger Band with a default 100-period and multiples of 1 and 2 is used to identify overvaluation and undervaluation.
For instance, if the ratio line moves above the +2 standard deviation line, it indicates that stocks are overvalued, signaling a potential selling opportunity.
APPLICATION
When the indicator is applied to a chart, we observe the ratio line's movements relative to the standard deviation lines. The further the line deviates from the standard deviation lines, the more extreme the overvaluation or undervaluation.
We look for buying opportunities when the Buffett Index moves below the first and second standard deviation lines and sell opportunities when it moves above these lines. This indicator is used as a microeconomic confirmation tool, in combination with other indicators, to achieve higher win-rate setups.
RISK DISCLAIMER
Trading entails substantial risk, and most day traders incur losses. All content, tools, scripts, articles, and education provided by TradeDots serve purely informational and educational purposes. Past performances are not definitive predictors of future results.

# Warrenbuffet

Stock's Intrinsic Value| DCF modelScript Description
This pine script is based on a YouTube video titled: Warren Buffett: How to Calculate the Intrinsic Value of a Stock. Warren Buffett is a famous value investor who follows the principles of his mentor Benjamin Graham. He looks for companies that have strong competitive advantages, consistent earnings, and low debt. He also considers the intrinsic value of a company, which is the present value of its future cash flows, and compares it to the market price. He prefers to buy stocks that are trading below their intrinsic value and hold them for a long time.
One of the methods that Buffett uses to estimate the intrinsic value of a company is the discounted cash flow (DCF) model. This involves projecting the free cash flow (FCF) of the company for several years and then discounting it back to the present using an appropriate discount rate. The discount rate is usually the weighted average cost of capital (WACC) of the company, which reflects its cost of equity and debt. The sum of the discounted FCFs and terminal value is the intrinsic value of the company.
Lastly, a margin of safety is included when using the DCF method for stock valuation because of uncertainty and error in estimating future cash flows and the intrinsic value of the company.
When the current price is below margin of safety, it means that the stock is currently undervalued and being price at significantly below its intrinsic value.
Guideline for determining each variable in this script
FCF growth rate: This is the annual rate at which the free cash flow (FCF) of the company is expected to grow over a forecast 10-year period. You can use historical FCF growth rates, industry averages, analyst estimates, or your assumptions to project the FCF growth rate. The higher the FCF growth rate, the higher the intrinsic value will be.
Discount rate: This is the rate of return that you require to invest in the company. It reflects the risk and opportunity cost of investing in the company. You can use the weighted average cost of capital (WACC) of the company, capital pricing model (CAPM), hurdle rate, or market rate as the discount rate. The lower the discount rate, the higher the intrinsic value.
The margin of safety: Provides a cushion against errors in the valuation or adverse events that may affect the company. The margin of safety depends on your personal preference and risk tolerance. Normally is at 15% - 30%, the higher the margin of safety you set, the lower the chance that the stock will hit that level.
How to use this script
Step 1: This script only works for stocks that have financial data of free cash flow and total common shares outstanding
Step 2: Please use a yearly chart (12-month chart)
Step 3: You are required to determine a growth rate that will grow the free cash flow 10 years into the future
Step 4: You are required to determine a discount rate for the calculations
Step 5: You are required to add a margin of safety (Accounting for uncertainty)
Step 6: The rest of the calculations will be done automatically.
Disclaimer when using this script
I'm not a financial advisor
This script is for education purposes only
There are risks involved with stock market investing and investors should not act upon the content or information found here without first seeking advice from an accountant, financial planner, lawyer or other professional.
I can’t guarantee that this script will be error-free as I still consider myself a Pinescript beginner
Before making any decisions, investors should always research companies individually
I'll not be liable for any loss incurred, arising from the use of, or reliance on, this script
Limitations of this script
This script only works on the yearly chart (12 monthly charts)
The intrinsic value of a company will be negative if the company have a negative forecasted free cash flow
You need to make an educated guess about the growth rate, discount rate and margin of safety
This script uses free cash flow instead of owner's earnings (Operating cash flow - Maintenance capital expenditure), therefore it can't accurately estimate the maintenance capital expenditure.
Need at least 6 years’ worth of financial data
Market capitalisation uses total common shares outstanding multiplied by the closing price instead of using company-level total outstanding shares multiplied by the closing price

Buffett Indicator: Wilshire 5000 to GDP Ratio [WhaleCrew]Our Implementation of the famous Buffett Indicator a long-term valuation indicator for stocks.
Calculation: Wilshire 5000 Index divided by US GDP (Gross Domestic Product)

Buffett Indicator [Bitcoin Machine]This is the Warren Buffett Indicator, the total market cap relative to the US gross domestic product (GDP). It is also called "Market Cap to GDP Indicator". For the market cap typically the Wilshire 5000 total market cap is used, which is representing the value of all stocks traded in the United States. Tradingview just provides the Wilshire W4500. We can calculate the W5000 by adding the S&P500 to the W4500.
Market Cap to GDP is a long-term valuation indicator and as pointed by Warren Buffett, the indicator is “probably the best single measure of where valuations stand at any given moment.” It used as a broad way of assessing whether the country’s stock market is overvalued or undervalued, compared to a historical average.
Remark: The Wilshire W4500 and the S&P500 are indices and denoted in "index points" (not USD). The Original Buffett Indicator is using market cap in US-Dollar. So the right scale of the indicator is different to the original one.